Unpaid Work (Census 96) 1996
A full list of the definitions and terms used in the 1996 Census of Population and Dwellings is contained in the report An Introduction to the Census of Population and Dwellings. Refer to Statistics New Zealand for a complete list of concepts, definitions and classifications.
Access to a telephone
Area of usual residence
Available for work
Census night address
Cigarette smoking behaviour
Cigarette smoking refers to the active smoking of any tobacco products, including manufactured and hand rolled cigarettes (excluding cigars, pipe tobacco and cigarillos). It does not include the smoking of any other substances, for example herbal cigarettes or marijuana, but does include the smoking of home grown tobacco in cigarette form.
Cigarette smoking refers to active smoking and does not include passive smoking, the unintentional inhalation by non-smokers of tobacco smoke introduced into the atmosphere by smokers. The consumption of tobacco products by other means, such as chewing, is also excluded.
Country of birth
De facto marriage
A de facto marriage exists if a person considers himself or herself to be living with another person as a partner.
De facto population
Duration of residence in New Zealand
A dwelling is any building or structure, or part thereof, that is used (or intended to be used) for the purpose of human habitation. It can be of a permanent, temporary or even mobile nature and includes structures such as motels, hotels, hospitals, prisons, motor homes, huts, and tents.
At the highest level, dwellings are classified as private or non-private. A private dwelling accommodates a person or a group of people, but is not available to the public. Included are: houses, flats, and apartments; residences attached to a business or institution; baches, cribs and huts; garages; caravans, cabins and tents; vehicles; vessels; or dwellings of the above types that are under construction.
All other dwellings are non-private and are available to the public. They may be available for use either generally, or by virtue of occupation or study, special need, or legal requirement. Such dwellings may have facilities (such as a dining room) which are for shared use. These dwellings include: hotels and motels; guest houses and boarding houses; hostels; public and private hospitals; homes for the elderly; educational, welfare, religious and charitable institutions; prisons and penal institutions; defence establishments; work camps, staff quarters and seasonal quarters; motor camps; and other communal dwellings. If this type of accommodation includes units that are designed for the exclusive use (temporarily) of one or more people, the units are considered to be part of the non-private dwelling and not separate non-private dwellings. Private residences that are attached to non-private dwellings are, however, considered to be separate private dwellings.
There are General and Mäori electoral districts constituted in terms of the Electoral Act after each population census.
An extended family is a group of related people who usually live together in the same household and consists of:
· a family nucleus and one or more other related people; or
· two or more related family nuclei, with or without other related people.
Highest school qualification
Hours of unpaid work outside the home
Hours worked in employment
Income (total income)
Inlets and harbours, oceanic waters and islands
Job search methods
Job search methods refers to the methods used to look for paid work in the four weeks prior to the census.
· looked at job advertisements in the newspapers
· wrote, phoned or applied in person to an employer
· contacted the Department of Labour’s New Zealand Employment Service to look for a job
· contacted friends or relatives for help in finding a job
· contacted career advisers or vocational guidance officers
· other method(s), for instance: contacted other employment agency, placed an ad about a job, took steps to set up own business.
Labour force participation rate
The labour force participation rate is the percentage of the population aged 15 years or over who were either employed or unemployed and seeking work, during the week prior to the census.
Labour force status
Looked for paid work
Main means of travel to work
Means of cooking in a dwelling
Means of heating dwelling
Means of water heating in a dwelling
The meshblock is the smallest geographic area used by Statistics New Zealand in the collection and processing of data. The meshblock is the building block for aggregation into larger areas such as area units, territorial authorities, regional councils, and electoral districts.
Meshblocks vary in both population and area size - from an extensive tract of sparsely populated rural land to a city block. When the New Zealand-wide system of standard meshblocks was established in 1976, meshblocks in urban areas generally contained an average of 150-200 persons while rural meshblocks generally had fewer (100-150 on average). Subsequent division of meshblocks and changes in population patterns have resulted in meshblock population counts having a considerable range.
At the 1996 Census there were 36,808 meshblocks.
Meshblocks can be categorised into: land, island, mainland, water, inland water, inlet, oceanic, and other.
Number of children
Number of inmates or guest occupants
Number of occupants
Number of rooms/bedrooms
An occupation is a set of jobs which involve the performance of a common set of tasks. It refers to the job, trade, profession or type of work in which a person is employed for financial reward or as an unpaid worker in a family business.
Occupations are grouped together by a similar skill requirement rather than by the similarity of the type of work performed. The skill requirement of an occupation is measured by the skill level and the skill specialisation of the tasks and duties performed.
The occupation classification used - the New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (NZSCO-95) - is based on the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88), modified to suit New Zealand conditions.
Information for this topic is derived from the question which asks people to state their present occupation and the tasks or duties they spend the most time on. Statistics are available for occupation major groups, sub-major groups, minor groups, unit groups and groups. It is possible to cross-classify data from NZSCO-95 with data from NZSCO-90 and NZSCO-68 and thus obtain comparable data between the 1996 and previous censuses.
Overseas visitor population
Permanent private dwelling
Place of residence
Population resident in New Zealand
Population usually resident in area
Post school qualifications
Sector of landlord
Status in employment
Temporarily absent (household and family statistics)
Temporary private dwelling
Tenure of dwelling
Total fertility rate
Total household income
Unemployed and seeking work
Persons who were not working in a paid job, business, farm or profession at census date, but had looked for either full-time or part-time work in the preceding four weeks were referred to as "unemployed and seeking work", regardless of their availability and the job search methods used.
The definition of "Looking for Work" was contained in the guide notes and required at least one of the job search methods listed, during the four weeks preceding the census. If "Looking at job advertisements in newspapers" was one of the methods cited, at least two methods are required.
"Unemployed and seeking work" refers to those persons who are not working in a paid job, business, farm or profession at census date, but have actively looked for either full-time or part-time work in the preceding four weeks and would have started work in the week preceding the census had a job been available. As with the 1991 Census, "Looking at job advertisements in newspapers" alone is not considered actively looking for work.
Full-time work is defined as 30 hours or more of work per week while part-time work is defined as less than 30 hours of work per week.
Usual residence five years ago
Year of arrival in New Zealand
Years lived at usual residence
Years at usual residence is the length of time in completed years (ignoring temporary absences) that a respondent has lived at their current usual residence.