Unpaid Work (Census 96) 1996
A full list of the definitions and terms used in the 1996 Census of Population and Dwellings is contained in the report An Introduction to the Census of Population and Dwellings. Refer to Statistics New Zealand for a complete list of concepts, definitions and classifications.
Access to a telephone
Access to a telephone means that there is a working speaking telephone located in the dwelling. "Telephone" includes the standard speaking telephone, cordless telephones, and telephones which have been modified with braille buttons or hearing aid attachments. Cell phones are counted in the definition if they are predominantly located in the dwelling when household members are at home.
Area of usual residence
Available for work
Census night address
Cigarette smoking behaviour
Constituency refers to a division of a region constituted for electoral purposes. Each constituency elects one or more members to the regional council. Constituencies are required to reflect communities of interest, and their boundaries, so far as practicable, coincide with those of territorial authorities or wards. The regulations relating to constituencies are contained in the Local Government Amendment Act (no 2) 1989.
Country of birth
De facto marriage
De facto population
The de facto population is the population enumerated according to its actual place of residence at a given time. Visitors from overseas, who were in New Zealand on census night, are included in the de facto population. Thus the de facto population is different from the resident population, which refers to people who usually live in New Zealand.
District refers to a territorial authority that is neither wholly urban nor wholly rural and which is under the jurisdiction of a district council.
Duration of residence in New Zealand
Highest school qualification
Hours of unpaid work outside the home
Hours worked in employment
Income (total income)
Inlets and harbours, oceanic waters and islands
Internal migration is the movement of population within the national boundaries of a country, resulting from changes of usual residence.
Internal migration relates to people usually resident in New Zealand aged five years or more at the 1996 Census who were not living in the same subject area five years prior to the census. Excluded are persons who did not specify a usual New Zealand address for census night 1996 or five years earlier (1991) and were classified as having "no fixed abode", or had an "overseas" or "not specified New Zealand" address.
Job search methods
Labour force participation rate
Labour force status
Looked for paid work
Main means of travel to work
Means of cooking in a dwelling
Means of heating dwelling
Means of water heating in a dwelling
Number of children
Number of inmates or guest occupants
Number of occupants
Number of rooms/bedrooms
Number of rooms is the number of living and sleeping areas that the respondent states are contained in a dwelling.
A room includes living and sleeping areas, such as a bedroom, lounge or living room, dining room, kitchen, games room, rumpus room, family room, study, studio, hobby room, or a conservatory that you can sit in, but excludes service areas, such as a shower, pantry, hall, garage, spa room or walk-in wardrobe.
A room is considered to be a bedroom if it is furnished as a bedroom even if it has never been used or is not being used at the time of the data collection. A sleepout or caravan adjacent to a private dwelling should be counted as a bedroom if it is used and/or furnished as a bedroom.
An occupation is a set of jobs which involve the performance of a common set of tasks. It refers to the job, trade, profession or type of work in which a person is employed for financial reward or as an unpaid worker in a family business.
Occupations are grouped together by a similar skill requirement rather than by the similarity of the type of work performed. The skill requirement of an occupation is measured by the skill level and the skill specialisation of the tasks and duties performed.
The occupation classification used - the New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (NZSCO-95) - is based on the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88), modified to suit New Zealand conditions.
Information for this topic is derived from the question which asks people to state their present occupation and the tasks or duties they spend the most time on. Statistics are available for occupation major groups, sub-major groups, minor groups, unit groups and groups. It is possible to cross-classify data from NZSCO-95 with data from NZSCO-90 and NZSCO-68 and thus obtain comparable data between the 1996 and previous censuses.
In private dwellings, the occupier/reference person can be any responsible person. Therefore, in private dwellings, the occupier/reference person could be the person (or the partner of the person) who:
· owns the household accommodation, or
· is legally responsible for the rent of the accommodation, or
· has the private accommodation by virtue of his or her employment, or
· has the private accommodation by virtue of some relationship to an owner who is not usually resident, or
· any other responsible person.
In non-private dwellings, the occupier/reference person (for the census) is the owner, manager, or person who is in charge on census night.
In practice, in the 1996 Census, the occupier/reference person is the person who completed the dwelling questionnaire.
Overseas visitor population
Permanent private dwelling
Place of residence
Population resident in New Zealand
Population usually resident in area
Post school qualifications
A private dwelling is any building or structure that is used (or intended to be used) for the purpose of human habitation, but is not available to the public, A private dwelling (either permanent or temporary) accommodates a person or a group of persons. Included are: houses, flats, and apartments; residences attached to a business or institution; baches, cribs and huts; garages; caravans, cabins and tents; vehicles; vessels; or dwellings of the above types that are under construction. Refer definition of Dwelling.
Sector of landlord
Status in employment
Temporarily absent (household and family statistics)
Temporary private dwelling
Tenure of dwelling
Total fertility rate
Total household income
Unemployed and seeking work
Usual residence five years ago
A widowed person is a person who has not remarried following the death of his or her legal husband or wife.
Year of arrival in New Zealand
Year of arrival in New Zealand is the year that a respondent who was born outside New Zealand first arrived in New Zealand as a permanent or long-term resident.
Years lived at usual residence