Unpaid Work (Census 96) 1996
A full list of the definitions and terms used in the 1996 Census of Population and Dwellings is contained in the report An Introduction to the Census of Population and Dwellings. Refer to Statistics New Zealand for a complete list of concepts, definitions and classifications.
Access to a telephone
Area of usual residence
Available for work
Census night address
Cigarette smoking behaviour
Country of birth
De facto marriage
De facto population
Duration of residence in New Zealand
There are General and Mäori electoral districts constituted in terms of the Electoral Act after each population census.
Ethnicity is the ethnic group(s) that people identify with or feel they belong to. Thus, ethnicity is self-perceived and people can belong to more than one ethnic group.
An ethnic group is defined as a social group whose members:
· share a sense of common origins,
· claim a common and distinctive history and destiny,
· possess one or more dimensions of collective cultural individuality, and
· feel a sense of unique collective solidarity.
Highest school qualification
Hours of unpaid work outside the home
Hours worked in employment
Income (total income)
Gross income received by people aged 15 years or over from all sources for the financial year ending 31 March 1996.
Included is income from: wages, salary, commissions, bonuses paid by employer, self-employment, or business(es) you own and work in, interest, dividends, rent, other investments, ACC regular payments, New Zealand Superannuation, pensions, annuities, unemployment benefit, sickness benefit, invalids benefit, student allowance, other government benefits (including training allowances), government income support payments, or war pensions. Excluded are capital gains, gambling winnings and inheritances.
Inlets and harbours, oceanic waters and islands
People outside territorial authority boundaries are described as either on "extra county islands" or "shipboard". Previously, meshblocks were allocated for specific ports and harbour areas (known as "shipping meshblocks"), but did not permit full coverage of the New Zealand coastline. Such meshblocks did not have defined seaward boundaries.
With most of the inhabited "extra county islands" being included in territorial authorities and regions (as a result of the 1989 local government re-organisation) and the need to expand the meshblock classification to the 12-mile territorial limit, the concepts of the "shipping" and "island" meshblocks have been modified.
The term "shipping meshblocks" has been replaced by "inlet" and "oceanic" meshblocks. In general, populated "islands" are assigned to their own meshblocks. These new meshblocks have definite boundaries.
Job search methods
Labour force participation rate
Labour force status
Looked for paid work
Main means of travel to work
Means of cooking in a dwelling
Means of heating dwelling
Means of water heating in a dwelling
Never married means a person who has never been registered as married.
Number of children
Number of inmates or guest occupants
Number of occupants
Number of rooms/bedrooms
In private dwellings, the occupier/reference person can be any responsible person. Therefore, in private dwellings, the occupier/reference person could be the person (or the partner of the person) who:
· owns the household accommodation, or
· is legally responsible for the rent of the accommodation, or
· has the private accommodation by virtue of his or her employment, or
· has the private accommodation by virtue of some relationship to an owner who is not usually resident, or
· any other responsible person.
In non-private dwellings, the occupier/reference person (for the census) is the owner, manager, or person who is in charge on census night.
In practice, in the 1996 Census, the occupier/reference person is the person who completed the dwelling questionnaire.
Overseas visitor population
The overseas visitor population is defined as those people whose usual residence is overseas, but excludes those people whose usual residence is overseas and who are:
· working in New Zealand
· looking for work in New Zealand
· non-New Zealand diplomats or members of their staff
· members of non-New Zealand armed forces stationed in New Zealand.
Permanent private dwelling
Place of residence
Population resident in New Zealand
Population usually resident in area
Post school qualifications
The rural areas of New Zealand are those which are not specifically designated as "urban". They include rural centres, and district territories where these are not included in main, secondary or minor urban areas, and inlets, islands, inland waters, and oceanic waters which are outside urban areas.
Sector of landlord
Status in employment
Temporarily absent (household and family statistics)
Temporary private dwelling
Tenure of dwelling
Total fertility rate
The total fertility rate for a particular year indicates the average number of children a woman would expect to have during her lifetime, were she to be exposed to the age specific fertility rates for that year. The total fertility rate is sometimes used as an indicator of family size.
Total household income
Unemployed and seeking work
Unpaid work includes activities which are undertaken either:
· performed in the seven days prior to Sunday 3 March 1996 for persons living in the same household as the respondent; or
· performed in the last four weeks prior to census for persons outside of the respondent’s household for which the performance of those activities is not paid.
Usual residence five years ago
Weekly rent refers to the amount paid per week by a household to rent or lease an occupied permanent private or temporary private dwelling.
Workplace address is the physical location of a respondent’s place of paid employment.
Workplace address consists of the distinguishing details of the physical location of a workplace for the purposes of the data collection, and can include the name of the building; street number, name and type; suburb or rural locality; and city, town or district.
Year of arrival in New Zealand
Years lived at usual residence