Unpaid Work (Census 96) 1996
A full list of the definitions and terms used in the 1996 Census of Population and Dwellings is contained in the report An Introduction to the Census of Population and Dwellings. Refer to Statistics New Zealand for a complete list of concepts, definitions and classifications.
Access to a telephone
Area of usual residence
Available for work
Census night address
Cigarette smoking behaviour
Country of birth
De facto marriage
De facto population
The de facto population is the population enumerated according to its actual place of residence at a given time. Visitors from overseas, who were in New Zealand on census night, are included in the de facto population. Thus the de facto population is different from the resident population, which refers to people who usually live in New Zealand.
District refers to a territorial authority that is neither wholly urban nor wholly rural and which is under the jurisdiction of a district council.
Duration of residence in New Zealand
A dwelling is any building or structure, or part thereof, that is used (or intended to be used) for the purpose of human habitation. It can be of a permanent, temporary or even mobile nature and includes structures such as motels, hotels, hospitals, prisons, motor homes, huts, and tents.
At the highest level, dwellings are classified as private or non-private. A private dwelling accommodates a person or a group of people, but is not available to the public. Included are: houses, flats, and apartments; residences attached to a business or institution; baches, cribs and huts; garages; caravans, cabins and tents; vehicles; vessels; or dwellings of the above types that are under construction.
All other dwellings are non-private and are available to the public. They may be available for use either generally, or by virtue of occupation or study, special need, or legal requirement. Such dwellings may have facilities (such as a dining room) which are for shared use. These dwellings include: hotels and motels; guest houses and boarding houses; hostels; public and private hospitals; homes for the elderly; educational, welfare, religious and charitable institutions; prisons and penal institutions; defence establishments; work camps, staff quarters and seasonal quarters; motor camps; and other communal dwellings. If this type of accommodation includes units that are designed for the exclusive use (temporarily) of one or more people, the units are considered to be part of the non-private dwelling and not separate non-private dwellings. Private residences that are attached to non-private dwellings are, however, considered to be separate private dwellings.
There are General and Mäori electoral districts constituted in terms of the Electoral Act after each population census.
Highest school qualification
Hours of unpaid work outside the home
Hours worked in employment
Income (total income)
Inlets and harbours, oceanic waters and islands
Job search methods
Labour force participation rate
Labour force status
Looked for paid work
Main means of travel to work
A person is said to have New Zealand Mäori descent if they consider they have Mäori ancestors, no matter how distant.
Means of cooking in a dwelling
Means of heating dwelling
Means of water heating in a dwelling
Means of water heating in a dwelling refers to the types of fuel or energy used for water heating in a dwelling.
Number of children
Number of inmates or guest occupants
Number of occupants
Number of rooms/bedrooms
Overseas visitor population
Permanent private dwelling
Place of residence
Population resident in New Zealand
Population usually resident in area
Population usually resident in area refers to the population that usually resides in a given subject area. The basis of this population is the population resident in the area on census night, plus residents enumerated elsewhere in New Zealand on census night whose usual residence is in the subject area. Temporary residents who usually reside elsewhere in New Zealand, New Zealand residents temporarily overseas, and people in New Zealand on census night but who usually reside overseas, are excluded.
A person must have resided, or planned to reside in an area for three months or more to be counted as a usual resident. The exceptions are primary and secondary school pupils who board away from home but who return home at the end of each term. They are required to state their usual home address.
Post school qualifications
There are 16 regional councils (Gisborne, Tasman and Marlborough Districts; and Nelson City are all unitary authorities. As such they are districts with the power of regional authorities.) These 16 cover every territorial authority in New Zealand with the exception of the Chatham Islands District.
Generally, regional councils contain complete territorial authorities. The geographical boundaries of the regions conform as far as practical to the boundaries of one or more water catchments. In determining regions, consideration was also given to regional communities of interest, natural resource management, land use planning, port facilities and environmental matters.
Sector of landlord
Status in employment
Temporarily absent (household and family statistics)
Temporary private dwelling
Tenure of dwelling
Total fertility rate
Total household income
Unemployed and seeking work
Persons who were not working in a paid job, business, farm or profession at census date, but had looked for either full-time or part-time work in the preceding four weeks were referred to as "unemployed and seeking work", regardless of their availability and the job search methods used.
The definition of "Looking for Work" was contained in the guide notes and required at least one of the job search methods listed, during the four weeks preceding the census. If "Looking at job advertisements in newspapers" was one of the methods cited, at least two methods are required.
"Unemployed and seeking work" refers to those persons who are not working in a paid job, business, farm or profession at census date, but have actively looked for either full-time or part-time work in the preceding four weeks and would have started work in the week preceding the census had a job been available. As with the 1991 Census, "Looking at job advertisements in newspapers" alone is not considered actively looking for work.
Full-time work is defined as 30 hours or more of work per week while part-time work is defined as less than 30 hours of work per week.
Usual residence five years ago
Year of arrival in New Zealand
Years lived at usual residence