Unpaid Work (Census 96) 1996
A full list of the definitions and terms used in the 1996 Census of Population and Dwellings is contained in the report An Introduction to the Census of Population and Dwellings. Refer to Statistics New Zealand for a complete list of concepts, definitions and classifications.
Access to a telephone
Access to a telephone means that there is a working speaking telephone located in the dwelling. "Telephone" includes the standard speaking telephone, cordless telephones, and telephones which have been modified with braille buttons or hearing aid attachments. Cell phones are counted in the definition if they are predominantly located in the dwelling when household members are at home.
Area of usual residence
Available for work
Census night address
Census night address refers to the physical address where the respondent was on census night.
Cigarette smoking behaviour
Country of birth
De facto marriage
De facto population
Duration of residence in New Zealand
A foster child is a person who receives parental care from a person(s) other than the child's natural, step or adopted parent(s) or guardian(s). A foster child can be related to his or her foster parent(s).
Highest school qualification
Hours of unpaid work outside the home
Hours worked in employment
Income (total income)
Inlets and harbours, oceanic waters and islands
Job search methods
Labour force participation rate
Labour force status
Looked for paid work
Main means of travel to work
Means of cooking in a dwelling
Means of heating dwelling
Means of water heating in a dwelling
Number of children
Number of inmates or guest occupants
Number of occupants
Number of rooms/bedrooms
An occupation is a set of jobs which involve the performance of a common set of tasks. It refers to the job, trade, profession or type of work in which a person is employed for financial reward or as an unpaid worker in a family business.
Occupations are grouped together by a similar skill requirement rather than by the similarity of the type of work performed. The skill requirement of an occupation is measured by the skill level and the skill specialisation of the tasks and duties performed.
The occupation classification used - the New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (NZSCO-95) - is based on the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88), modified to suit New Zealand conditions.
Information for this topic is derived from the question which asks people to state their present occupation and the tasks or duties they spend the most time on. Statistics are available for occupation major groups, sub-major groups, minor groups, unit groups and groups. It is possible to cross-classify data from NZSCO-95 with data from NZSCO-90 and NZSCO-68 and thus obtain comparable data between the 1996 and previous censuses.
Overseas visitor population
Permanent private dwelling
Place of residence
Population resident in New Zealand
Population usually resident in area
Post school qualifications
Religious affiliation refers to the self-identified association of an individual with a religion or denomination. There is a statutory right for a respondent to object to providing this information if desired.
Rural centres have statistical boundaries (being an area unit) but have no legal status. They are rural centres with a population of 300 to 999 in a reasonably compact area which service their surrounding rural areas (district territory). Examples are Ruatoria, Waitoa and Cust.
Sector of landlord
Status in employment
Temporarily absent (household and family statistics)
Temporary private dwelling
Tenure of dwelling
Total fertility rate
Total household income
Unemployed and seeking work
The department’s non-administrative urban area structure comprises a three-part classification, consisting of main, secondary and minor urban areas which constitute the "urban" population of New Zealand.
"Urban area" boundaries are defined with the objective of enabling users to make statistical comparisons over time without the need for major adjustments caused by changes in territorial authority boundaries. This classification also enables users to distinguish between the statistical characteristics of the "urban" and "rural" areas of New Zealand.
Main Urban Areas
These are very large non-administrative centres which are urban in character and consist of part of a city or parts of cities and/or part of a district or parts of districts. Main urban areas have a minimum population of 30,000.
Minor Urban Areas
These are small to medium-sized non-administrative centres which comprise part of a district, are regarded as urban in character and have populations ranging between 1,000 and 9,999.
Secondary Urban Areas
These areas are large non-administrative centres which comprise parts of a district or districts regarded as urban in character and have a population ranging between 10,000 and 29,999.
Usual residence five years ago
The reported usual place of residence of a respondent five completed years prior to the census.
Year of arrival in New Zealand
Years lived at usual residence