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Niuean - Families and households

Families

A family is a couple with or without child(ren), or one parent and their child(ren), living in the same household.

  • In 2001, Niuean people were more likely to live in a family situation (82 percent) than the total New Zealand population (75 percent).
  • A two-parent family with children remains the most common family type for Niuean people. Of those living in a family in 2001, 57 percent were in a two-parent family – a drop of 5 percentage points since 1991. The comparable figures for the Pacific and New Zealand populations were 65 percent and 57 percent respectively.
  • More than a third (36 percent) of Niuean people living in a family were in a one-parent family – 4 percentage points higher than in 1991. By comparison, 28 percent of the total Pacific population and 17 percent of the total New Zealand population lived in a one-parent family in 2001.
  • The proportion of Niuean people living as a couple without children increased slightly from 6 percent (of those living in families) in 1991 to 8 percent in 2001. The equivalent proportions for the Pacific and New Zealand populations were 8 percent and 26 percent respectively. The older age structure of the national population is a contributing factor to this difference.

Family Type of the Niuean, Pacific and New Zealand Populations, 2001

  • The proportion of dependent Niuean children living in two-parent families decreased from 62 percent in 1991 to 57 percent in 2001. During the same period, the proportion of dependent Niuean children living in one-parent families rose from 38 percent to 43 percent.
  • In 2001, 28 percent of Niuean people were living in extended family situations – down from 35 percent in 1996. By comparison, 29 percent of the Pacific population and 8 percent of the New Zealand population were living in extended families in 2001.
  • The average (mean) size of families with at least one Niuean member decreased marginally from 3.7 in 1991 to 3.6 in 2001. The average family size for the New Zealand population was 3.0 in 2001.

Households

A household is defined as either one person who lives alone or two or more people who usually reside together and share facilities such as eating, cooking and bathroom facilities.

  • As figure 4.2 shows, nearly three quarters (74 percent) of Niuean people lived in one-family households in 2001 – down from 77 percent in 1991.

graph - Niuean Population by Household Type, 1991-2001

  • Following the national trend, the proportion of Niuean people living in households with two or more families rose in the first part of the decade from 19 percent in 1991 to 25 percent in 1996, before declining slightly to 20 percent in 2001. The equivalent proportions of the Pacific and New Zealand populations living in households with two or more families in 2001 were 20 percent and 5 percent respectively.
  • In 2001, the overseas-born Niuean population (21 percent) was slightly more likely to live in households with two or more families than New Zealand-born Niueans (19 percent).
  • Approximately 2 percent of Niuean people lived in one-person households in 2001 – the same proportion as the Pacific population overall. The equivalent figure for the New Zealand population was 9 percent.
  • Between 1991 and 2001, the average (mean) size of households with at least one Niuean member remained steady at 4.2 people. The average household size for the New Zealand population in 2001 was 2.7.

Pacific Profiles - Niuean

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