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Census snapshot: Maori


Printable Version

Key Statistics - article, April 2002, p. 9

Highlights key findings about Mäori from the Census of Population and Dwellings held on 6 March 2001.

Census snapshot: Mäori1

The thirty-first New Zealand Census of Population and Dwellings was held on 6 March 2001. The following snapshot highlights some of the key findings from tables prepared for the National Summary topic-based report published at the end of March 2002.

Overview

One in seven people were counted in the Mäori ethnic group, an increase of 21 percent since 1991, according to 2001 Census results.

Most Mäori continue to live in the northern regions. Nearly 90 percent live in the North Island and nearly 60 percent of Mäori live in Northland, Auckland, Waikato and the Bay of Plenty. However, the number of Mäori people in the South Island has increased 38 percent since 1991 to reach 64,650.

While one in four people of Mäori ethnicity speak the Mäori language, nearly one half of Mäori language speakers are under 25 years of age.

The median annual income for Mäori adults was $14,800 for the year ended 31 March 2001, with Mäori between 45 and 49 years of age having the highest median income for all Mäori at $21,800. One in twenty Mäori adults have an annual income of more than $50,000.

The Mäori population is ageing, with the median age of people of Mäori ethnicity increasing to 22 years from 20 years in 1991. Whereas 10 years ago 1 in 40 Mäori people were aged 65 years and over, 1 in 30 are now in this age range.

Highlights

For the census usually resident population count.

  • 1 in 7 people (526,281) in New Zealand were of Mäori ethnicity.
  • Nearly 9 in 10 people of Mäori ethnicity live in the North Island.
  • The median age of people of Mäori ethnicity is 22 years.
  • 1 in 4 people of Mäori ethnicity speak the Mäori language.
  • The median annual income for adults of Mäori ethnicity was $14,800.
  • Over 1 in 5 adults of Mäori ethnicity had a post-school qualification.
  • The largest iwi was Ngäpuhi.

Location

  • Nearly 9 in 10 people of Mäori ethnicity live in the North Island, a similar proportion to 1991.
  • Nearly 6 in 10 people of Mäori ethnicity live in the four northern regions of Northland, Auckland, Waikato and Bay of Plenty.
  • 1 in 4 people (127,629) of Mäori ethnicity live in the Auckland region.
  • 9 in 20 people in the Gisborne region are of Mäori ethnicity.
  • 1 in 6 people of Mäori ethnicity live in rural areas.
  • The count of people in the South Island of Mäori ethnicity increased by 38 percent from 46,680 in 1991 to 64,650 in 2001.
  • The count of people in the Nelson region of Mäori ethnicity increased by 89 percent from 1,707 in 1991 to 3,219 in 2001.


Demographics

  • 1 in 7 people (526,281) in New Zealand were of Mäori ethnicity.
  • There has been an increase of 21 percent for the count of people of Mäori ethnicity between 1991 and 2001.
  • The Mäori population count at the 1901 Census was 45,549.
  • There were 95.7 males of Mäori ethnicity for every 100 females in 2001, a decrease from 97.2 in 1991.
  • The median age of people of Mäori ethnicity is 22 years, an increase from 20 years in 1991.
  • More Mäori people are in older age groups, with just under 1 in 30 people of Mäori ethnicity aged 65 years and over, compared with 1 in 40 in 1991.
  • 3 in 8 people of Mäori ethnicity are aged under 15 years, a similar proportion to 1991.
  • The Gisborne region had the largest proportion of people of Mäori ethnicity aged 65 years and over, at 1 in 19.
  • The Tasman region had the highest proportion of people of Mäori ethnicity aged under 15 years, at 4 in 10.
  • 99 percent of people of Mäori ethnicity were born in New Zealand.


Language and religion

  • 1 in 4 (130,482) people of Mäori ethnicity speak the Mäori language.
  • Nearly one half of Mäori language speakers were aged under 25 years.
  • 1 in 4 people of Mäori ethnicity speak more than one language.
  • Over 1 in 3 people of Mäori ethnicity in the Gisborne region speak the Mäori language, with just under 1 in 3 in Bay of Plenty and Northland.
  • 98 percent of people of Mäori ethnicity who stated a religious affiliation were Christian.




  • The main Christian denominations were:

Income and work

  • The median annual income for adults of Mäori ethnicity was $14,800 for the year ended 31 March 2001.
  • The median income for males was $18,600 – more than $5,000 above that of $13,200 for females.
  • The highest median income for people of Mäori ethnicity was in the 45 to 49-year age group at $21,800.
  • The Auckland and Wellington regions shared the highest median income for people of Mäori ethnicity at $18,700.
  • 1 in 20 adults of Mäori ethnicity had an annual income of more than $50,000.
  • 6 in 10 adults of Mäori ethnicity had an annual income of $20,000 or less.
  • 3 in 8 adults of Mäori ethnicity had received a government benefit in the 12 months before the 2001 census.
  • 56 percent of adults of Mäori ethnicity were employed in 2001, compared with 43 percent in 1991.
  • The most common occupation group for people of Mäori ethnicity was service and sales workers, with 1 in 6 (28,635) workers.
  • The most common occupation group for Mäori females was service and sales workers (23 percent) and for Mäori men plant and machine operators and assemblers (25 percent).
  • The manufacturing industry had the most workers of Mäori ethnicity, with 1 in 6 (29,142), a decline from 1 in 4 (26,004) in 1991.
  • Nearly 3 in 10 workers of Mäori ethnicity in the Gisborne region were in the agriculture, forestry and fishing industry group.
  • Nearly 9 in 20 workers of Mäori ethnicity in the communication services industry group were in the Auckland region.

Qualifications

  • School Certificate in one or more subjects (or National Certificate level 1) was the highest school qualification for most adults of Mäori ethnicity, with 1 in 5 adults (65,211) – the same proportion as in 1991.
  • Over 1 in 5 adults of Mäori ethnicity had a postschool qualification.
  • 1 in 6 adults of Mäori ethnicity had a vocational qualification (such as New Zealand Certificate of Engineering), while 1 in 21 had a degree or higher qualification as their highest post-school qualification.
  • The Otago region had the largest proportion of people of Mäori ethnicity with tertiary qualifications as their highest qualification, with 3 in 11.
  • The most common field of study for post-school qualifications for people of Mäori ethnicity was teaching, with 2,988 people.

Iwi

  • 1 in 6 people (604,110) are of Mäori descent. (Descent is a different concept to that of ethnicity, which is related to cultural identification.)
  • For those people of Mäori descent, the largest iwi were:

More information

The counts for this 2001 Census snapshot are taken from tables prepared for the National Summary topic-based report published at the end of March 2002. Detailed counts are also available in a series of tables. These tables are at: www.stats.govt.nz/census. Further information about the 2001 Census of Population and Dwellings can be found at: www.stats.govt.nz/census.


Footnote
1. This snapshot was prepared by Frank Nolan of the Social and Population Statistics Group of Statistics New Zealand.


April-02.pdf (119Kb)

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2001 Census of Population and Dwellings - Mäori tables

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This page last modified on: 28 June 2004

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